Essay on the civil war and reconstruction the civil war was the turning point in the us history, while the reconstruction era has completed the achievements of the civil war and changes launched by the war. For newly freed african-american slaves, life didn't change overnight after the end of the civil war, the emancipation proclamation and the 13th amendment may have brought an end to slavery in name - but, through the reconstruction era and beyond, white slave owners found other ways to keep the spirit of slavery alive. The end of the civil war and the reconstruction of the south attempted to address some of the social concerns of the freed slaves but in reality could do very little to make blacks economically and politically equal to whites.
Ultimately, the most important part of reconstruction was the push to secure rights for former slaves radical republicans, aware that newly freed slaves would face insidious racism, passed a series of progressive laws and amendments in congress that protected blacks' rights under federal and constitutional law. With the war coming to an end, the question of how to reunite the former confederate states with the union was a divisive one lincoln's presidential reconstruction plans were seen by many, including radical republicans in congress, to be too tolerant towards what they considered to be traitors. The freed slaves came to be called freedmen in those days there were great rumors among the freedmen that the union army would be distributing land to them in massive quantities these rumors greatly lifted the spirits of the freedmen, and they hesitated to contract their labor out to the white planters. Sharecropping after the civil war, former slaves sought jobs, and planters sought laborers the absence of cash or an independent credit system led to the creation of sharecropping.
During reconstruction freed slaves began to leave the south one such group, originally from kentucky, established the community of nicodemus in 1877 in graham county on the high, arid plains of northwestern kansas. The most difficult task confronting many southerners during reconstruction was devising a new system of labor to replace the shattered world of slavery the economic lives of planters, former slaves, and nonslaveholding whites, were transformed after the civil war. With the southern economy in disarray after the abolition of slavery and the devastation of the civil war, conflict arose during the reconstruction era between many white landowners attempting to. Through the labor contracts, bureau agents, correspondence and reports, complaint books, and other source material in the freedmen's bureau, historians can show how free labor during reconstruction transformed the status of former slave women as well as men.
Reconstruction era (1865-1877) the federal government granted liberties to freed slaves in order to integrate them into american society federal laws, especially the 13 th , 14 th and 15 th. The reconstruction era april 20, 2012 nancy maclean tells the story of the post-civil war era, when for a brief time, the federal government attempted to enforce political rights for freed blacks. Reconstruction was concerned with the re-inclusion of former confederate states into union, safeguarding the civil rights of freed slaves, fate of former confederate officials and their civil status and the issue of according suffrage to these freed men. Important reforms in education took place in louisiana during reconstruction the constitution of 1868 provided for at least one free public school in each parish, with students age six to eighteen admitted regardless of race.
During reconstruction the united states was divided on social issues, presidential campaigns were won and loss on these issues during this period the struggle for development of african americans and how they initiated change in political, economic, educational, and social conditions to shape their future and that of the united states. Reconstruction the reconstruction era following the end of the american civil war in 1865, like any postwar period, was a turbulent historical context for the production of a national literature. An examination of the relationship of the newly freed slaves to the state during reconstruction suggests that citizenship cannot be seized but must be cultivated marriage laws were expressly deployed by the larger culture to discipline african americans who failed to act like citizens. The reconstruction era was the period from 1863 to 1877 in american history the term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the american civil war the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 ex- confederate states from 1863 to 1877, as directed by congress. The growth of manufacturing in alabama was rapid and extensive during the new south era from 1880 to 1900, the number of operating factories in the state rose from 2,000 to more than 5,500, with the number of factory employees increasing from approximately 10,000 people to more than 33,000.
The southern economy during during reconstruction was in very bad shape because of the civil war the war had had many negative effects on the southern economy farms and plantations were in disarray and often ruin. Students should read either chapter 18 in the african american experience: a history (the promise and failure of reconstruction) or chapters 22-24 in african american history (rebuilding the south, blacks in politics, and reaction sets in. Reconstruction refers to the period, generally dated from 1865 to 1877, during which the nation's laws and constitution were rewritten to guarantee the basic rights of the former slaves, and. The south now has a free-labor economy, the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments have given former slaves new rights, and it is time to move on , they say you have been given the task of writing an editorial for your local newspaper assessing reconstruction--that is, what it.
In all, the history of reconstruction was an object lesson in the limitations of persuasion in politics—as was the history of the civil war that preceded it the great political battles of the era were full of interesting reflections and assertions about the nature and purpose of america and american government. Hayes believed that southern leaders would obey and enforce the reconstruction-era constitutional amendments that protected the rights of freed people his trust was soon proved to be misguided, much to his dismay, and he devoted a large part of his life to securing rights for freedmen.
Reconstruction and beyond during the civil war, many slaves escaped plantations and sought refuge with the union army once the war ended, african americans throughout the states that had remained at war after january 1, 1863, were set free. During the fall of 1865 southern state legislatures that had been organized under johnson's reconstruction plan adopted oppressive laws, known as the black codes, that narrowly defined the civil rights and social and economic status of the freed people. One of the main goals of newly freed slaves was to acquire land in order to gain independence union general william t sherman promised 40 acres of land to the slaves who fought in the war this promise was not kept, and many blacks worked as impoverished sharecroppers, in conditions similar to slavery. While northern private benevolence and the federal government deserve credit for aiding black education in georgia during reconstruction, the primary impetus and sustaining force came from the state's african americans.